This is very interesting. I wonder if the children benefit purely as a result of being taught how to better understand emotions, and if there is an effect of the change in parenting style. It seems logical that understanding their own, and other’s–e.g. parents’–emotions should better prepare a child to handle the difficulties they encounter, as well as helping them to develop self-soothing techniques. However, it also seems to involve getting the parent(s) to spend time talking in a positive, interested way with the child, on a regular basis, as well as encouraging the parents to understate and relate to the child’s emotions. This seems like it might also improve the empathetic responsiveness of the parents to the children in general. Thus, in several ways it seems it may be acting to change the parents, as well as the child.